Tag Archives: space

Copy and Backup Utility Review – Robocopy or Xcopy, Which One?

Robocopy or Xcopy Which One to Use?

These two command line file copy utilities seem to provide the same functions. However don’t be deceived by the number of options xcopy provides. It is just a as it is a poor relative of the more robust, featured,
When to Use Xcopy and When to use Robocopy?
If you need advanced features such as backing-up, type of copy and you want 100% reliability of the copy process then Robocopy (robust copy) is your choice. If on the other hand, you don’t have a complex copy job Xcopy will do it. Xcopy is part of the operating system, it comes with Windows, whereas robocopy needs to be copied from another system, or you need to install the Resource Kit. To put it more simple, xcopy is always available as the shell command “copy”.

Features of Xcopy and Robocopy

Why not use the shell command copy then, is the next question. Because “copy” is just too minimal and cannot accomplish what the other two can. It only copies files and not directories with the afferent directory structure. It cannot copy attributes and ACLs.
In contrast, the other two file copy utilities are featured in such way that they can be easily used as backup systems if the correct options are setup. In conjunction with the scheduler and using a batch script this can be a powerful backup solution that is both inexpensive and flexible.
The features of Xcopy and Robocopy are: selective attributes replication, ACLs can be maintained or not for the files copied, ownership can be copied or not, folder structure replication, fully automation, archive attribute support – which makes it a real backup utility, file exclusion option, verification of the copied files, performance tuning.

What are the differences between Xcopy and Robocopy?

If we were to sum up we could say that Robocopy is way more powerful than Xcopy. But of course you might ask me for arguments to support my statement, here they are:
The most annoying thing about Xcopy is that you can’t use the network restartable mode if you copy ACls. Isn’t this annoying? For me this was enough of a reason to install the Resource Kit and get the Robocopy immediately. But wait, the list doesn’t stop here.

Robocopy as a Backup Software

Why is Robocopy worth writing about? Robocopy is a great software that can be used as a backup utility. Its features makes it fit for maintaining automated file backup using various approaches. It can be used for directory mirroring, for archiving files, for moving files, etc…
It can be used to copy only new or changed files, it can use the archive bit, as any good backup software would.
If the target directory is enabled for compression, it can save space as well.
Another application of Robocopy is during migrations or server upgrades. Because sometimes migrations or server changes are time sensitive, we need to copy as much as possible before switching to the new server. This where Robocopy comes in handy. You start the mirroring ahead of time, so all the files are copied. When the time of switching is close there are only minor changes to be done so the operation is very fast. The key options for this applications are: robocopy /MIR to mirror the directory, robocopy /MON:n to MONitor the source and run again when more than n changes occur and robocopy /MOT:m to MOnitor source and run again in m minutes Time, if changed.
Another neat application is to archive files that haven’t been used in a given period.
This command moves files that haven’t been used in 500 days, in restartable mode, copying the attributes, the file’s owner, and the ACL, excluding older files.
robocopy C:\FILES \\SERVER\FILES-ARCHIVE /e /zb /r:0 /w:1 /copy:daso /xo /move /MINLAD:500

Other Cheap Backup Utilities

Another cheap, (free), utility is xxcopy.
The utility competes with Robocopy, has versions for both 32 bit and 64 bit OS, and has more command switches.
However, this isn’t a free program for businesses, it is free for for personal use though.

Downloads and Resources

Download the resource kit for Windows 2003 here, (the resource kit contains robocopy): http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=17657
You can download xxcopy here: http://www.xxcopy.com/xcpydnld.htm
A robocopy GUI interface can be downloaded here: http://download.microsoft.com/download/f/d/0/fd05def7-68a1-4f71-8546-25c359cc0842/UtilitySpotlight2006_11.exe
Another robocopy GUI interface can be downloaded here: http://download.microsoft.com/download/f/d/0/fd05def7-68a1-4f71-8546-25c359cc0842/HoffmanUtilitySpotlight2009_04.exe

Start an Internet Store

What is an Internet Business?

An Internet Business is a business that drives most of its transactions through Internet.
A company can use the Internet in many ways to conduct its business, it can use email to reach clients and potential clients, it can use its own website to either acquire leads for selling products or sell the products directly on the Website. This Internet Business model is called E-Commerce and its main way of conducting the business is through a Website.
The early days of the e-commerce were held back by security concerns. Nowadays the security fears have lessened as the technology improved and people are confident when buying online. In fact buying online has become, for some people, the main way of purchasing goods.
Nowadays, if you have a good business idea or a good product to sell, opening your online business is almost trivial. You need a domain name, a security certificate, and a hosting company.
Initially the all of the Internet Businesses were hosted on the .com TLD, hence the name given to Internet Businesses – dotcoms. This has now changed and commercial organizations own several domain names on different TLDs.

What is e-commerce?

E-commerce is an acronym for Electronic Commerce and consists of the selling products and services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other types of computer networks. E-commerce also includes the process of marketing, delivering, servicing and paying using the Internet.
An e-commerce company is named e-tailer. E-tailers can be "pure-players" which means that the majority of operations are done on the Internet or, they can be “brick and click” e-tailers, which means that they have a physical storefront but use Internet to market their products and sometimes to complement the store sells with online sells.

Why is e-commerce so popular?

Buying online is very convenient; you can browse a search through products a lot easier than you do in a regular shop. It saves time, because you don’t have to go to the store. And usually the products are cheaper than in a regular store because an Internet Business has less expense associated with physical storage, salaries and other costs associated with a traditional store. These savings are reflected in the final cost of the product.
In fact nowadays, e-commerce has become so popular that we almost depend on it, and our lives would be more complicated if it didn’t exist. Virtually everyone has a computer, hence is a possible e-commerce client.

How Can You Start an Internet Business?

What if you don’t have a product to sell? You would like to start an Internet Business but you don’t have a product. In most of the cases that is not a problem, there is a niche for anybody. Many Internet Businesses actually, do not sell merchandise on Internet. They sell, e-Books, services, digital music, (iTunes and mp3), pay per view shows and movies, Domain Names, Websites, knowledge, and the list can continue. There are websites that live off of advertising only, they write good content and sell add space on their website.
When you plan your business, focus on the things you know very well and you are an expert in. Find your great business idea do a market analysis and start immediately. It is a good idea to buy the domain as soon as possible and start creating content right-away, even if your business will start later. Search engines rank websites using secret algorithms, but we know that the age of a domain name and the associated keywords are important parts of this algorithm.

Focus on Business not on Tools

Many people start an Internet business and lose the focus on the most important thing – the business. They start spending a lot of time on side tasks and most of the times it’s because they have chosen the wrong partner for their enterprise. It is important to choose wisely your online partner so you don’t waste your time assembling pieces of the puzzle from different providers. You need to choose a reliable and reputable partner, an established company that can offer you the tools and the support your business need.

How do you pick a good hosting company?

A good hosting company will provide you with all of the tools to start and not only. They know the market and they find out what tools you need before you do, and make them available to you. Having all of the tools integrated into one account make your life easier. You need to focus on developing your business and not on managing and finding tools.