Tag Archives: script

Copy and Backup Utility Review – Robocopy or Xcopy, Which One?

Robocopy or Xcopy Which One to Use?

These two command line file copy utilities seem to provide the same functions. However don’t be deceived by the number of options xcopy provides. It is just a as it is a poor relative of the more robust, featured,
When to Use Xcopy and When to use Robocopy?
If you need advanced features such as backing-up, type of copy and you want 100% reliability of the copy process then Robocopy (robust copy) is your choice. If on the other hand, you don’t have a complex copy job Xcopy will do it. Xcopy is part of the operating system, it comes with Windows, whereas robocopy needs to be copied from another system, or you need to install the Resource Kit. To put it more simple, xcopy is always available as the shell command “copy”.

Features of Xcopy and Robocopy

Why not use the shell command copy then, is the next question. Because “copy” is just too minimal and cannot accomplish what the other two can. It only copies files and not directories with the afferent directory structure. It cannot copy attributes and ACLs.
In contrast, the other two file copy utilities are featured in such way that they can be easily used as backup systems if the correct options are setup. In conjunction with the scheduler and using a batch script this can be a powerful backup solution that is both inexpensive and flexible.
The features of Xcopy and Robocopy are: selective attributes replication, ACLs can be maintained or not for the files copied, ownership can be copied or not, folder structure replication, fully automation, archive attribute support – which makes it a real backup utility, file exclusion option, verification of the copied files, performance tuning.

What are the differences between Xcopy and Robocopy?

If we were to sum up we could say that Robocopy is way more powerful than Xcopy. But of course you might ask me for arguments to support my statement, here they are:
The most annoying thing about Xcopy is that you can’t use the network restartable mode if you copy ACls. Isn’t this annoying? For me this was enough of a reason to install the Resource Kit and get the Robocopy immediately. But wait, the list doesn’t stop here.

Robocopy as a Backup Software

Why is Robocopy worth writing about? Robocopy is a great software that can be used as a backup utility. Its features makes it fit for maintaining automated file backup using various approaches. It can be used for directory mirroring, for archiving files, for moving files, etc…
It can be used to copy only new or changed files, it can use the archive bit, as any good backup software would.
If the target directory is enabled for compression, it can save space as well.
Another application of Robocopy is during migrations or server upgrades. Because sometimes migrations or server changes are time sensitive, we need to copy as much as possible before switching to the new server. This where Robocopy comes in handy. You start the mirroring ahead of time, so all the files are copied. When the time of switching is close there are only minor changes to be done so the operation is very fast. The key options for this applications are: robocopy /MIR to mirror the directory, robocopy /MON:n to MONitor the source and run again when more than n changes occur and robocopy /MOT:m to MOnitor source and run again in m minutes Time, if changed.
Another neat application is to archive files that haven’t been used in a given period.
This command moves files that haven’t been used in 500 days, in restartable mode, copying the attributes, the file’s owner, and the ACL, excluding older files.
robocopy C:\FILES \\SERVER\FILES-ARCHIVE /e /zb /r:0 /w:1 /copy:daso /xo /move /MINLAD:500

Other Cheap Backup Utilities

Another cheap, (free), utility is xxcopy.
The utility competes with Robocopy, has versions for both 32 bit and 64 bit OS, and has more command switches.
However, this isn’t a free program for businesses, it is free for for personal use though.

Downloads and Resources

Download the resource kit for Windows 2003 here, (the resource kit contains robocopy): http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=17657
You can download xxcopy here: http://www.xxcopy.com/xcpydnld.htm
A robocopy GUI interface can be downloaded here: http://download.microsoft.com/download/f/d/0/fd05def7-68a1-4f71-8546-25c359cc0842/UtilitySpotlight2006_11.exe
Another robocopy GUI interface can be downloaded here: http://download.microsoft.com/download/f/d/0/fd05def7-68a1-4f71-8546-25c359cc0842/HoffmanUtilitySpotlight2009_04.exe

Internet Marketing – 16 Ways to Get Back-links

Why is Backlinking important for Internet Marketing

Backlinks are incoming links to a website or web page.

Inbound links were once important as a primary means of web navigation;

Today their significance has diminished as the emergence of search engines changed the way WEB is accessed. Today, the importance of backlinks lies in search engine optimization (SEO). The number of backlinks is one indication of the popularity or importance of that website or page. Search Engines use backlinks as a parameter to determine the Page Rank of a webpage. They are still a source of traffic but is not as important as search results traffic direct traffic or advertising traffic.

Everybody has now recognized the importance of backlinking and it is an important aspect of the Internet Marketing. Some companies spend a lot of money trying to improve linking popularity and consequently Page Ranking.
There are various types of linking methods used by the Internet Marketers:

  • Reciprocal link
    Trade reciprocal links with other webmasters using a link exchange website or a script on your site. Reciprocal links do not carry the same weight as before, but it is still a good way to improve link popularity.
  • Article Marketing
    Article Marketing is a great way to obtain one-way links. Make sure you create a good resource box containing information about you and your website and attach that resource box to your articles. Distribute this to as many article directories as you can.
  • Forum signature linking
    Post on forums and share your knowledge. Create a signature that contains your website’s address. Posting on do-follow forums can be an efficient method. Do not spam forums, as this will blacklist your IP address, and your posts will be removed.
  • Blog comments
    Commenting on other’s webmasters’ blogs is an efficient way to get backlinks. Do not spam and post valuable comments that could benefit the community.
  • Image sharing
    (providing free quality images for a link-back)
  • Directory listing
    List your website to web-directories. DMOZ and Yahoo Directory are the two best ones and being listed here gives your site many points in rankings calculation.
  • Post press releases
    Underutilized method, great for a short time span popularity gain in Search Engines.
  • Blogging
    Very effective since you decide how many links you want to post on your blog, but can be time consuming.
  • Link-bait
    (Writing great article to which other webmaster will link to. Slow method for link building but is the most natural and provides the most stable back-links.)
  • Social Bookmarking
    The more bookmarked your site the better your rankings. Submit at the most popular Bookmarking sites and ask your friends to bookmark you.
  • Buying links from a web 2.0 site
    There are plenty of web sites that will sell you links. Beware that this is against the T.O.S. of search engines.
  • Video posting
    Posting videos to youtube, metacafe, etc… and attach your website’s link to it. This will not only provide you with a backlink, but will bring you traffic as well.
  • Social media links
    Links listed to Facebook or Twitter will convince Search Engines of the popularity of your page.
  • Create a WordPress plugin
    A great way to create back-links, but it is expensive. If you are a PHP programmer, and would like to start such a project, contact me.
  • Create a WordPress or Blogger template and give it free.
    A link to your website will be included in all of the websites that use your theme or template.
  • RSS publishing

As a rule for getting your backlinks, do not focus on one method. Use all of them because the diversity of links and link types will bring the value and will suggest Search Engines that the links are naturally built.

Link building won’t do anything for you if you don’t have content. There is no reason to conduct an Internet campaign for a website that doesn’t have any content.